5 steps for solving the climate problem using technology – UNCC

5 steps for solving the climate problem using technology – UNCC

Climate change is one of the most important subjects of conservation at the moment. UN Climate Change Conference meets periodically in order to discuss the right steps towards achieving a sustainable and resilient climate. During these conferences, every country exposes its way of helping diminishing climate change. The last 20 years of UNCCC meetings have highlighted 5 steps towards the solving of the climate problem.

Technology and the Convention – 1992

When countries established the Convention, they included specific provisions on technology in the original text. These form the basis for all technology efforts under the Convention:

Article 4, paragraph 1

“All parties…shall: (c) Promote and cooperate in the development, application, and diffusion, including transfer, of technologies…that control, reduce or prevent anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases…”

Article 4, paragraph 5

“The developed country Parties…shall take all practicable steps to promote, facilitate and finance, as appropriate, the transfer of, or access to, environmentally sound technologies and know-how to other Parties, particularly developing country Parties, to enable them to implement the provisions of the Convention…”

The consultative process – 1995

Initially, all the countries involved discussed the common climate problems they have as well as scientific methods of restoration, such as renewable energy. From 1997 to 2001, based on these discussions, a number of different places intensified their efforts to improve the climate, such as Asia, the Pacific Coast, Africa, and Latin America, by introducing different treaties, most notable being the Kyoto Protocol which focuses on the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.

Technology transfer framework – 2001

In 2001, the term “technology transfer framework” was officially introduced to the participating countries through Article 4, Paragraph 5 at the Convention. There was also introduced a group of experts (EGTT) which focused on analysing technology transfer issues globally.

Moreover, 5 different programs were presented in order to solve these issues:

– technological needs and technological evaluation -information about technology transfer

-focusing on the way of getting the technology transfer framework started globally

-consolidating the capacity for technology transfer

– technology transfer mechanisms.

Later, in the year 2007, they have added 4 more points to the main programs: innovation fund, international cooperation, technology, and research development and cooperation development

Poznan strategic programme on technology transfer – 2008

2008 focused on the Poznan Strategic Programme on Technology Transfer, all possible with the help of the Global Environment Facility. The purpose of this programme was to grow and facilitate the funding for technology transfer, especially in developing countries. Initially, the programme was divided into 3 tiers: technology needs assessment ( TNA), as well as the focus on the projects related to TNA and the experience relating to technology transfer activities. The technology mechanism came into practice in 2010. The main objective of this programme was to raise the efforts of technology transfer with the help of a transfer mechanism. This was divided into two points: the technology executive committee and the climate technology centre.

The Technology Mechanism – 2010

A major objective for the member countries was to increase the conservation efforts using technology. This objective was incorporated by forming two comitees: the Executive Technology Comitee and the Center and Network of Climate Technology.

The Paris Agreement – 2015

The revolutionary “Paris Agreement” opened a new chapter for global action against climate change. The changes are not over and here, through this event, a technological framework is established that provides a guide for the technological mechanism. Both the mechanism and the technological framework will help countries adapt more easily to climate change caused by global warming and reduce temperature rises.

Article 10, paragraph 1 – “Parties share a long-term vision on the importance of fully realizing technology development and transfer in order to improve resilience to climate change and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.”

 

 

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